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Ibinyomoro byitaweho bitanga umusaruro mwiza


 Ibinyomoro byitaweho bitanga umusaruro mwiza Iyo ibinyomoro byitaweho bitanga umusaruro mwiza ku muhinzi kandi bikamuteza imbere cyane iyo akurikiza amabwiriza asabwa mu kubihinga.
Ibinyomoro ni igihingwa gikomoka mu gihugu cya Shili, Equateur na Boliviya muri Amerika y’Amajyepfo. Amakuru menshi avuga ko ibinyomoro kimwe n’izindi mbuto nyinshi byaba byaraje mu Rwanda bizanywe n’abanyamahanga( abazungu cyane cyane abamisiyoneri). Byatangiye biterwa cyane cyane kuri za misiyoni, nyuma Abanyarwanda bagenda babitera hirya no hino nk’uko bitangazwa n’ imfashanyigisho z’ikigo cy’igihugu gishinzwe guteza imbere ubuhinzi n’ubworozi ( RAB )
Hari amoko menshi y’ibinyomoro
Ibinyomoro birimo amoko menshi atandukanywa cyane n’uko urubuto ruteye ndetse n’ibara ry’urubuto rweze n’ingano y’igiti. Mu Rwanda haboneka amoko atatu atandukanywa n’ubunini n’ibara ry’urubuto. hari amoko yera ibinyomoro binini n’ayera ibinyomoro bito akunze kuba umuhondo cyangwa umutuku. Ibinyomoro bigira ibara ry’imbuto ry’umutuku usanga bikunzwe ku masoko kubera ibara ryabyo.
Uko ibinyomoro biteye n’ubutaka bikunda
Ibinyomoro ni ibiti by’umubyimba muto bigira imizi itari miremire n’uburebure bushobora kugera kuri metero 6. Bikunda uturere dukonja ,ahantu hagwa imvura igabanije neza mu mwaka iri ku gipimo cya mm 1200-3000 ku mwaka, ubutumburuke kugera kuri metero 3000. Ibinyomoro byera neza mu butaka burimo ifumbire, bufite ubutote buhagije kandi buhitisha amazi n’umwuka. Ibinyomoro ntibyihanganira ahantu hareka amazi cyangwa humagaye.
Ibyitabwaho mu buhinzi bw’ibinyomoro
Gutegura umurama ni uburyo bwa mbere bwitabwaho mu buhinzi bw’Ibinyomoro. Umurama cyangwa ingemwe z’ibinyomoro, ugomba kuva ku biti cyangwa ingemwe zitarangwaho uburwayi. Birabujijwe gutera ingemwe zavuye ku murama uva ku biti birwaye kuko iyo uteye bene izo ngemwe zikwirakwiza uburwayi.
Gutegura umurama uzatanga ingemwe ni uburyo bwa kabiri bwitabwaho. Mu guhitamo aho umurama w’ibinyomoro uzaturuka ni ngombwa kwitondera ibi bikurikira: umuhinzi ahitamo igiti cy’ikinyomoro kitagaragaza uburwayi na bucye,cyakuze neza kandi cyera imbuto nyinshi kandi nini. Asarura imbuto z’ibinyomoro zeze neza kandi zidafite ubusembwa zihishije neza kandi mbere yo kuzikata agomba kubanza kuzironga mu mazi arimo Jik, urugero rumwe rwa Jik mu ngero 3 z’amazi cyangwa amazi arimo umunyu w’igisoryo. Ibi byica indwara zaba ziri inyuma ku gishishwa cy’ibinyomoro.
Usatura imbuto z’ ibinyomoro mo kabiri ukavanamo imbuto zivanze n’umutobe ukoresheje ikiyiko. Hanyuma ukabishyira mu icupa ripfundikirwa ukongeramo amazi ugapfundikira, hanyuma uhugutisha imbuto zivanze n’umurenda, imbuto zimaze guhuguta zirongwa mu mazi arimo javeli (5%). Imbuto zimaze kurongwa zishyirwa mu gacucu, mu ibase cyangwa mu gatambaro gasukuye neza, zigashyirwa mu gacucu ku buryo zikamukamo amazi . Ibyo birangiye, umurama uragosorwa. Umurama ubonetse ushobora guhita uhumbikwa cyangwa ukabikwa ahantu hahehereye. Imbuto zibikwa ahantu hahehereye mu mabahasha y’impapuro ariko nturenze amezi 3 utaraterwa kuko iyo arenze ntizimera kubera ko ubushobozi bwo kumera “ pouvoir germinatif ” bw’umurama bugenda bugabanuka cyane.
Gukora ubuhumbikiro
Umurama w’ibinyomoro ubibwa ku bujyakuzimu bwa mm10. Hirindwa kuwegeranya ,utwikirizwa utwatsi dukeya kandi uravomerera igihe kitari iki imvura.
Kwimura ingemwe mu bihoho ( muri pipiniyeri )
Iyo utugemwe tugize nibura cm 5 ni ukuvuga nyuma y’ukwezi, twimurirwa mu bihoho byateguwe muri pipiniyeri. Hakurikiraho kujya bavomerera nibura 2 ku munsi mu gitondo na nimugoroba. Ni ngombwa kwibuka kumenera ubutaka mu bihoho igihe cyose bigaragara ko ari ngombwa. Ingemwe zimaze kugira cm15-25 ni ukuvuga zifite igihe cy’amezi 2 kugeza kuri 3 nyuma yo kwinaza zishobora kwimurirwa mu murima wateguwe neza.
Gutera no kwita ku binyomoro
Umurima mushya w’ibinyomoro ushyirwa kure y’umurima ushaje wabyo. Bishobotse hagashyirwaho uruzitiro rw’ibiti “ haie vive ” rutandukanya iyo mirima yombi. Ni ngombwa gutera ingemwe z’ibinyomoro igihe imvura itangiye kugwa kugira ngo zifate neza. Ibi bikorwa mu kwezi kwa Nzeri n’uk’Ukwakira. Ibinyomoro biterwa mu mirongo bitandukanijwe n’intera iri hagati ya m1 na 1,5m hagati y’igiti n’ikindi na metero 4,5-5 hagati y’umurongo n’undi. Iyi ntera ituma ibinyomoro bidacucikirana mu murima kandi igabanya ikwirakwizwa ry’indwara kandi gutera umuti biroroha.
Ku ntera ya 1,5m hagati y’igiti n’ikindi na metero 4,5 hagati y’imirongo haterwa nibura ingemwe 1450 kuri hegitari. Hashyirwamo ifumbire ya garama 80 za NPK17-17-17 n’ibiro 30 by’ifumbire y’imborera ku giti.
Indwara n’ibyonnyi by’ibinyomoro
Ikibazo gikunze kugaragara cyane mu binyomoro ni indwara yitwa “ powederly milew ” iterwa na mikorobe zo mu bwoko bw’uduhumyo zitwa “oidium sp ” bikagabanywa no gutera umuti wica udukoko “ insecticide ” ivanze n’isabune cyangwa imiti ikomoka kuri “ neem”. Hari kandi inzoka z’ibihingwa “ nematodes ” iterwa n’inzoka yitwa “ meloidogyne sp”root rot (kubora kw’imizi) cyangwa crown rot iterwa na phyotophthora sp) no kuraba biterwa na pseudomonas salanacearum. Kwita neza ku murima uteyemo izi mbuto bigabanya izi ndwara.
Gusarura ibinyomoro
Ibinyomoro bitangira gusarurwa mu mwaka umwe bitewe, bigatangirana umusaruro muke ugera kuri toni 4 kuri hegitali. Uyu musaruro ugenda wiyongera ku buryo mu mwaka wa gatatu ushobora kugera kuri toni 16 kuri hegitari. Hanyuma umusaruro ugenda ugabanuka mu myaka ikurikiraho ku buryo muri rusange kimara imyaka 4 mu murima ariko bishobora kuyirenza bitewe n’ukuntu byafashwe.
Intungamubiri dusanga mu binyomoro n’akamaro kabyo mu muryango
Nk’uko bigarukwaho ku rubuga rwa interineti umuhinzi.com, Ibinyomoro bigira vitamini C ku rugero rutandukanye bitewe n’ubwoko bwacyo. Ibinyomoro bikize ku myunyu nka Fer na Potasiyumu. Ibinyomoro bikize kandi kuri vitamine A, B6 na E. Ibinyomoro bikennye ariko ku bitangangufu ariko bikagir uruhare mu kongera amaraso mu mubiri ku bantu bamwe na bamwe bayabuze.

Inkuru dukesha –orinfor

Shyiraho Igitekerezo!

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