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Ibishyimbo


Ibishyimbo rusange bihingwa ku bushyuhe bwa 17.5-27*c. ubushyuhe buri hejuru ya dogere 30 butuma imbuto zigwa, n’ubushyuhe bukeya burangiza. Bihingwa kuri alititide ya 600-1950m.
Ibshyimbo bikenera imvura nyishi igabanyije neza (300-400mm ku kiziga cy’ihinga) Ariko igihe cy’izuba mu isarura kirakenewe. Igihe cy’izuba cyangwa icy’ubukonje kirekire cyangiza ibishyimbo. Ibishyimbo bya mishingiriro bisaba ahantu hagwa imvura nyinshi ariko ibishyimbo bya dwarf bikunda ubutaku butose. Bisaba ubutaka bukomeye burimo ifumbire,PH yegereye 7 kandi bwumutse neza. Bikunda itaka ririmo umunyu.
Isarura/ihunika
Imiteja isarurwa itarakura neza. Isarurwa rikorwa nyuma y’ibyumweru 7-8 nyuma yo gutera imbuto.
Imisogwe isoromwa buri minsi 2-3. umubare w’ibyasaruwe uba mwinshi kuri mishingiriro kurusha ibyo hasi. Ibishyimbo byumye bisarurwa igihe byeze cyane byabaye umuhondo. bimwe biba bigiye kumeneka. Ibishyimbo byasaruwe biranikwa , bikuma kugeza aho babihura. Nyuma yo kubihura, ibishyimbo biranikwa kugera kuri 12% y’ubutite kugira ngo bibikwe neza.
Ibyo abahinzi bakora:
Kwanika ibishyimbo ku zuba ni ingenzi ku gira ngo bibikwe neza. Mbere yo kubihunika, vanga imbuto z’ibishyimbo na:
Ivu
Diatomite
Guhunika ibishyimbo byumye mu kigega gitunganyije gikoze mu cyuma cyangwa parasitke hajyamo akayaga, kujya urebamo nib anta dukoko twagiyemo.
Uko twafata neza ibishyimbo biri mu murima
Ibishyimbo biribwa cyane, bifata umurongo ngenderwaho w’ibiro 25-35kuri hegitari. Nk’ibindi binyamisogwe, ibishyimbo bishobora gufata nitrogen ivuye mu kirere. Ntabwo bikenera nitrogen iturutse mu ifumbire.
Ubutaka bukomeye bufite ifumbire nkeya ntabwo butanga umusaruro mwiza. mu gihe ifumbire ihari, hakenewe ifumbire nziza y’imborera cyangwa ifumbire nziza yo mu murima yaboze. Mu guhagarika ibishyimbo mu murima, ubyubakira igitanda nibura cya metro 1 mu kurwanya ubutaka kwangiza igihingwa. Gukoresha ifumbire neza bituma umusaruro wawe wiyongera. Binabona nitrogen ihagije.
Bibaze, ugomba kubagara ibishyimbo by’imiteja. ibagara rya 1 rigomba kuba mu byumweru 2-3. nyuma hagakorwa irindi bagara mu byumweru 2-3 nyuma. mu kubagara, ibihingwa byigiye hejuru birakenewe mu gufasha ibishyimbo gufataho no kubirinda udukoko tuguruka. guhinga ibishyimbo mu butaka butose bituma bigira indwara nka anthracnose na fusarium ituma imizi ibora.
Ibishyimbo rusange bikenera amazi no kubyuhira. Gufumbira bigira akamaro mu karere kadakonja cyane. kuhira baba bikenewe. Mu buhinzi bwo mu cyaro, ubuhinzi ntabwo bakunda kubufumbira. guhinduranya ibihingwa mu murima ni ngombwa mu guhagarika indwara nka rust y’ibishyimbo. powdery wildew, anthreacnose na fusarium ituma imizi ibora.
Fumbira umurima wawe neza, uhinge imiteja ku gasozi aho kubora kw’imizi kutaboneka. Irinde kuhira n’imiringoti ku kubora kw’imizi no kujyamo udukoko twitwa nematode.

Shyiraho Igitekerezo!

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