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Jenoside zimwe zahitanye benshi ku Isi mu myaka 150 ishize

Mu myaka irenga 150 ishize, isi yibasiwe na Jenoside zitandukanye, umubare w’ubwoko runaka ukaba warahatikiriye, izi Jenoside zirimo n’iyakorewe Abatutsi mu Rwanda mu mwaka wa 1994, yahitanye abarenga miliyoni imwe.

Jenoside y’Abarmenia
Iyi Jenoside yabaye mu mwaka wa 1915, aho ubwoko bw’Abarumeneniya bari batuye muri Ottoman baragoswe baricwa bitegetswe na Leta ya Ottoman.
Iri yicwa ry’aba baturage ryatumye abandi bahunga, ariko abahunze bishwe n’indwara kuko bagiye bashyirwa mu nkambi, kugeza ubu imibare itangwazwa, ivuga ko abanya Rumenia barenga miliyoni imwe bishwe hagati y’umwaka wa 1915 na 1923.
Jenoside yakorewe Abayahudi
Nyuma yo kujya ku butegetsi mu mwaka wa 1933, ishyaka ry’aba NAZI ryayobora u Budage, ibyariranze byari ukwica gusa.
Aba-NAZI bakomeje kujya bita Abayahudi abantu bivanga muri Politike, bakaba baranavugaga ko ari abantu baje gusahura ubukungu bw’u Budage n’ibindi bihugu babagamo.
Mu mwaka wa 1938, aba NAZI batangiye kujya bafata Abayahudi bakabarundanyiriza mu nkambi zitandukanye mu gihugu cy’u Budage.
Ubusanzwe aba NAZI bari abantu bakunda intambara, uko bagendaga bigarurira uduce dutanduknye tw’u Burayi, aho bageraga hose bafataga Abayahudu bakabarundanyiriza mu nkambi, ariko umugambi wabo wari utaramenyekana.
Ubwo ingabo z’Abadage zagabaga igitero mu bihugu bitandukanye, ibi byatumye Abayahudu barenga milinyoni imwe bicwa.
Ibyo ntibyahagarariye aho, aba NAZI bakomeje kujya bubaka inkambi zo kwiciramo Abayahudi mu duce twa Auschwitz-Birkanau, Treblinka, Belzec, Chelmno na Sobibor, Abayahudi barenga miliyoni 2 barishwe hakoreshwe imyuka y’uburozi, cyangwa bakabashyira aho babakoreraho igeregeza mu mamashini.
Kubera ko izo nkambi Abayahudi babagamo zari zimeze nabi cyane, ibi byatumye abenshi bapfa. Amakuru atangwa avuga ko Abayahudi barenga miliyoni 6 bishwe ku mugabane w’u Burayi, mu mwaka wa 1945, ibi byose byakozwe na Adolfe Hitler wayoboraga aba NAZI.
Jenoside yakorewe abanya-Cambodia
Mu mwaka wa 1975, uwitwa Khmer Rouge yatorewe kuyobora Cambodia, akijyaho yavuze ko hagiye kubaho impinduka ku bantu bari bafite ubushobozi buke.
Nyamara Khmer Rouge akijyaho yahise avanaho icyitwa uburezi mu gihugu, amadini arayaca, amavuriro n’ibijyanye n’ikoranabuhanga arabihagarika. Khmer Rouge yategetse ko abatuye mu mijyi ya Cambodia bahimuka ku ngufu ndetse anategeka abaturage ko bagomba kujya bakora akazi nta biryo bahawe cyangwa ngo baruhuke.
Bamwe mu baturage cyane abakuze bananiwe kujya bakora badahemwa cyangwa kubera ubushobozi buke, abenshi batangiye kujya bicwa, akajya anica abo yavugaga ko batavugaga rumwe na Leta ye.
Khmer Rouge yakomeje kujya yibasira abaganga, abarimu n’abandi bari barize, ubwo batangiye kujya batotezwa bakanicwa, ibi byarakorerwaga muri gereza yitwa Tuol Sleng.
Mu myaka ine Khmer Rouge yamaze ku butegetsi, abaturage bari hagati ya miliyoni imwe n’ebyiri barishwe.
Jenoside yakorewe muri Bosiniya
Iyi Jenoside yatangiye mu mwaka wa 1991, muri uwo mwaka Yugoslavia yatangiye kujya icikamo ibice bitewe n’amoko bikozwe n’abayobozi bamwe nka Slobodan Milosevic.
Muri icyo gihe, Slovania yatangiye gusaba ubwigenge ariko bikamena amaraso, icyo gihe na Croatia yavuze ko ishaka ubwigenge, ibi rero byatumye havuka intambara hagati y’amoko muri Yugoslavia.
Guhera ubwo, ingabo za Yugoslavia zinjiye mu gace ka Croatia, abaturage batari bake barishwe, cyane mu gace ka Vukovar na Dubrovnik, aha habaye ukwica abantu bigizwemo uruhare n’abasirikare b’aba Selibiya.
Mu mwaka wa 1992, izindi ntara zatangiye kuvuga ko zishaka kwigenga, Bosnia na Herzegovina, ibi yatumye haba imirwano ikomeye hagati y’abaturage n’ingabo ziturutse muri Serbia.
Muri izi ntambara, abarwanaga bishe abasivili batagira ingano. Abasirikare n’abandi barwanaga bakoze ibyaha birimo gufata abagore ku ngufu, gutegeka abantu kuva mu byabo no kwica.
Mu gace ka Srebrenica, ingabo za Bosnia zari ziyobowe na General Radko Mladic, icyo gihe izi ngabo zishe abasivile, barimo abagabo n’abahungu barenga ibihumbi 75.
Kubera iyo ntambara, umuryango mpuzamahanga washyizeho urukiko mpuzamahanga mpanabyaha rwashyiriweho Yugoslavia mu mwaka wa 1993.
Uru rukiko rwashyiriweho guhana abagize uruhare mu gutera inkunga abishe abasivile ibihumbi 96.
Jenoside yakorewe Abatutsi mu Rwanda
Jenoside yakorewe Abatutsi mu Rwanda mu mwaka w’1994 yakozwe n’Abanyarwanda bayikorera abandi Banyarwanda bavuga ururimi rumwe, basanzwe bashyingirana, basangiye igihugu n’ibindi.
Jenoside yakorewe Abatutsi mu Rwanda ifatwa nka Jenoside yihariye ku rusha izindi Jenoside zabaye ku isi, akenshi ikaba yatareguwe mu kinyejyana cyose ariko ikorwa mu minsi iza 100 gusa, Abatutsi barenga miliyoni imwe baricwa.
Icyo Jenoside yakorewe mu Rwanda ihuriweho na Jenoside yakorewe Abayhudu ikozwe n’Abanazi, ni uko Interahamwe n’Abanazi bari bafite umugambi wo guhanagura burundu ubwoko bicaga.
Shyiraho Igitekerezo!

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