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Kamaramasenge ni insina isaba umuhinzi wayo kuyitaho


 Kamaramasenge ni insina isaba umuhinzi wayo kuyitaho Musomyi, Muhinzi mworozi, ushobora kuba warashakaga kumenya byinshi ku bijyanye n’ubuhinzi bw’insina ya Kamaramasenge, akamaro kayo, ibisabwa mu buhinzi bwayo, imiterere n’uburyo bategura umurima bayihingamo, uko yafatwa igihe iri mu murima, ifumbire ikenera cyane, indwara zifata iyi nsina, uko zirindwa n’ibindi.
Ku bafite ibibazo nk’ibyo reka tubasubize twifashishije igitabo cyitwa “Imfashanyigisho ku buhinzi bwa Kamaramasenge, Inanasi na Marakuja” igitabo cyasohotse muri Nyakanga 2009 ku bufatanye bwa Minagri (Ikigo cyayo gishinzwe guteza imbere ubuhinzi bw’imbuto,imboga n’indabyo”RHODA” ubu cyagiye muri NAEB),PASNVA ndeste na Empowering Development.
Ibiranga Kamaramasenge
Kamaramasenge ni insina izwi ku izina rya gihanga rya “Musa paradisiaca. Iyi nsina ikaba iri mu nsina zikunzwe ku isi kubera uburyohe bw’imineke yayo. Irangwa no kugira amabere matoya afite uburebure buri hagati ya 8cm na 12cm n’uburemere buri hagati ya 60g na 80g.
Imineke yayo iraryohera kurusha indi mineke yose. Izi nsina ziri mu bwoko bw’insina 300 zihingwa ku isi. Iki gihingwa ni kimwe mu byinjiza amafaranga y’amahanga mu Rwanda.
Ikaba ikunze guhingwa mu Rwanda ndetse no ku isi. Kubera uburyohe bwayo ndetse n’uko yinjiza amafaranga menshi biyitera kuba mu nsina zihingwa cyane mu Rwanda.
Imiterere y’ubwoko bwiza bwa Kamaramasenge
Kamaramasenge yamamazwa ni « Musa paradisiaca », irangwa no kuba ifite imineke ya 8cm-12cm n’uburemeremere buri hagati ya 60g na 80g.
Uko imibyare ya Kamaramasenge yo guterwa igomba kuba imeze
Imibyare yo gutera igomba guturuka ku rutoki rwa Kamaramasenge rutarwaye kandi rwera neza. Igomba kuba isongoye hejuru ifite inguri nini,imizi n’ibitaka byavanyweho kandi ifite uburebure buri hagati ya 80cm na 150cm. Imibyare igomba kubanza gutunganywa kugira ngo idakwirakwiza indwara.
Ibi bigakorwa icishwa mu mazi yabize nibura amasegonda 30. Kugeza ubu hariho uburyo butandukanye bwo gutubura imibyare : hariho uburyo busanzwe,aho insina itanga imibyare, hariho ugukata umutima w’insina kugirango inguri itange imibyare myinshi, hari n’uburyo bwo gutubura imibyare muri Pipiniyeri. Kuri ubu hasigaye hakoreshwa imibyare yakorewemuri Laboratwari kugirango hirindwe indwara.
Ese hasabwa iki mu buhinzi bwa Kamaramasenge?
Kugira ngo ubuhinzi bwa Kamaramasenge bushobore gutanga umusaruro wifuzwa, hagombye kwitabwa kuri ibi bikurikira:
Duhereye ku miterere y’ikirere Kamaramasenge yishimira ahantu haboneka imvura ku gipimo kiri hagati ya milimetero 1500 na 2500 mu mwaka,ikagwa igihe cyose mu mwaka cyangwa mu gihe kinini cy’umwaka.
Icyakora haramutse hariho uburyo bwo gucunga amazi y’imvura iboneka neza,Kamaramasenge ishobora no guhingwa no mu Turere tugira imvura iri hagati ya mm 900 na mm 1000.
Ubushyuhe muri rusange insina za Kamaramasenge zikunda ahantu hari ubushyuhe buri hagati ya Dogere Serisiyusi 24 na 27 ariko butari munsi ya Dogere 14 mu mwaka.
Ku cyerekeranye n’ubutumburuke ,iyi nsina ikura neza hagati ya metero 0 na metero 1800 hejuru y’inyanja. Ubutumburuke burenze1800m ntibuberanye na Kamaramasenge kuko ubukonje butuma iyi nsina idakura neza.
Ku kijyanye n’ubutaka yaterwamo, iyi nsina ikunda ahantu hari ubutaka bw’ibimba buvanze n’imborera,buhitisha amazi neza kandi bufite ubusharire buri hagati ya 5 ,6 na 7,5 kugirango itange umusaruro mwiza.
Imyunyu nka Azote na Potasiyumu ikenerwa ku bwinshi kugira ngo ubone umusaruro uhagije wa Kamaramasenge. Mu Rwanda, Kamaramasenge yera hose ariko cyane cyane mu murambi no mu mukenke w’Iburasirazuba.
Ibisabwa ku mirima igiye guterwamo insina
Umurima ugomba kuba urwanije isuri,uhinze neza,ugomba kuba waracukuye imyobo kandi umurima uterwamo imibyare ya Kamaramasende ni byiza kuba uzitiye. Mu gutunganya umurima hagomba kwitabwa kuri ibi bikurikira:
- Ubuhaname (pente): izi nsina ntizikunda ahantu hahanamye cyane Biba byiza iyo idahinzwe ahadahanamye cyane cyangwa mu kabande.Iyo hahanamye ntizikura neza kubera ko ubutaka aba ari buke bitewe n’isuri.
Ndetse n’iyo wafata ingamba zo kurwanya isuri,urugero nko guca imiringoti( keretse uciye amaterasi) igihe kamaramasenge itanga umusaruro kiragabanuka.

  • Ibyatsi bibi : ibi byatsi niba biri mu murima watoranyijwe bigomba kurandurwa bigashyirwa ku mbibi z’imirima kugirango bitazongera gutanga imbuto z’ibyatsi bibi kuko bibangamira ubu buhinzi.Bishobora no gushyirwa mau ngarani kugirango bitange ifumbire.
Ni ngombwa kandi gutunganya uwo murima ugiye guteramo insina kugirango ibyatsi bibi bitazicura urumuri,imyunyungugu,n’amazi.
- Ibiti: Niba umurima ukingirijwe n’ibiti,bigomba gutemwa kuko bikingiriza insina ntizibone umucyo cyane cyane iyo ibiti byegeranye.
- Gutegura imyobo no gutera: Ni byiza guhinga Kamaramasenge ahantu itigeze ihingwa kuko nta ndwara ziba ziri mu butaka kuko zimwe mu ndwara za Kamaramasenge nka Fizariyote zishobora kumara imyaka igera kuri 50 mu butaka.
Mu gucukura imyobo har’igihe uyicukura mu rutoki rusanzwe ushaka gushyira insina aho zitari cyangwa gusimbura izidatanga umusaruro. Ni bibi cyane kongera insina za Kamaramasenge mu rutoki rwafashwe na Kirabiranya (BXW) n’ururimo udukoko twinshi twibasira insina.
- Gucukura imyobo: Hagati y’umurongo n’undi hagomba buba intera ya 3m, no hagati y’umwobo n’undi hagomba gushyirwa imambo kandi naho haba hari 3m. Mu murima nibura wa Hegitari 1 hagomba kuba imyobo 1111.
Imirongo igomba kuba igororotse niba umurima uri ahantu harambitse kugirango urumuri rw’izuba rubashe kwinjira mu rutoki neza.Ariko kandi niba umurima uri ahantu hahanamye, imyobo igomba gucukurwa ikurikiye imiringoti kugirango urwanye isuri. Imyobo iterwamo Kamaramasenge igomba kuba ifite Santimetero 80 z’ubujyakuzimu na santimetero 100 z’ubugari kugirango inguri zitazaba ndende (inguri ishobora kuzamuka ikanama hejuru y’ubutaka).
Gucukura imyobo ifite ubujyakuzimu burenze cm 80 z’ubujyakuzimu byahenda kandi ntacyo byaba bimaze. Icyakora mu butaka bwiza (buseseka) ushobora gucukura imyobo ifite ubujyakuzimu n’umurambararo bya cm60-60.
Mu gihe cyo gucukura imyobo uzateramo ,itaka ryo kuri cm30 zo hejuru rishyirwa ku ruhande hanyuma n’irya cm 30 zo hasi zigashyirwa ku rundi ruhande. Imyobo icukurwa nibura amezi abiri ngo kamaramasende ziterwe kandi igashyirwamo ifumbire iboze neza iri hagati ya kg20-30 muri buri mwobo. Ibyo bikorwa habura ukwezi 1 ngo igikorwa cyo gutera gitangire.
Uburyo bwo gufumbira
Mu gufumbira hakoreshwa kg 20-30 z’ifumbire y’imborera ,amabase 3 cyangwa 2 iboze neza mu mwobo umwe,hongerwamo 125g za NPK17.17.17 cyangwa 125 za Ire mu gihe cy’itera.
Nyuma iyo Kamaramasenge zimaze amezi 3 zitewe , ifumbire yongera gushyirwa ku nsina igashyirwa ku muzenguruko w’insina muri cm 60 mu gaferege katari karekare kugirango imizi y’insina itangirika. Ifumbire ishyirwa ku nsina rimwe cyangwa kabiri mu mwaka mu gihe cy’imvura.
Imibyare igomba kuva mu rutoki rudafite indwara cyangwa hagakoreshwa iy’abatubuzi basanzwe batubura insina z’indobanure.Ni ngombwa kwirinda gutera imibyare ifite amakoma magari.
Bene iyo mibyare ntiba ifashe ku nguri ya nyina neza,bityo ntiba ifite inguri zikuze bihagije (irimo ibivumbikisho ) ku buryo bizayifasha ikavamo insina nziza zifite ingufu zimaze guterwa.Iyo mibyare myiza irangwa n’udukoma tureture kandi ifashe ku nguri ya nyina neza.
Iyo umaze gutoranya imibyare yawe ,igombwa gutemwa muri cm 15 uturutse ku nguri kugirango kuyitera byorohe. Ni ngombwa gukuraho amashanya ku nguri n’imyobo yose y’ahacukuwe ibivumvuri.
Gutunganya iyi mibyare bigomba gukorerwa mu rutoki ikuwemo.Umaze gutaha ushobora kwinika imibyare yawe mu mazi ashyushye afite Dogere 500 ikamaramo iminota 20 cyangwa ukayinika mu mazi yatuye ikamaramo amasegonda 30 cyangwa ukayinika mu miti yica udukoko twaseseye mu nguri. Iyo mibyare igomba guterwa mu gihe kitarenze icyumweru kugirango izafate neza.
Igihe cyo gutera imibyare
Kugirango imibyare nayo ikure neza,igomba kubona amazi ahagije mu mezi 3 cyangwa 4 akurikira guterwa kwayo. Niyo mpamvu yakagombye guterwa igihe cy’imvura kigitangira ni ukuvuga mu ntangiriro y’umuhindo kuko imibyare ikenera amezi 4 y’imvura kugira ngo izabashe kwihanganira kubaho itabona imvura. Ni ukuvuga ko zigomba guterwa hagati ya nzeri n’ukwakira.
Mu gihe ifumbire ishyizwe mu mwobo igihe cyo gutera,itaka ryo hejuru rivanze n’ifumbire iboze neza kandi ihoze ribanza mu mwobo. Nyuma ugashyiramo umubyare maze ugatwikiriza itaka ryo hejuru ku nkombe. Ubutaha tuzabagezaho uko insina iteye yafatwa n’ibindi

source:umuhinzi.com
Shyiraho Igitekerezo!

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