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Ubuhinzi bw’Avoka


 Ubuhinzi bw’Avoka INTANGIRIRO
Avoka n’imbuto iribwa ikomoka muli America y’Ama-jyepfo (Perou). Ishobora kwera ahantu hose mu Rwanda. Avoka zibanguriye zatangiye kugera mu Rwanda muri 1972. Ubu RAB ifite amoko 34 y’avoka, ariko ashobora kwera ahantu hose ni atatu:Hass, Fuerte na Ettinger.
Avoka ikize kuri poroteyini, potasiyumu, vitamini B6,C,D na E.
Amavuta ya avoka nta kolesiterore afite, akaba arwanya indwara z’umutima na kanseri.

Aho avoka zikunze guhingwa

Avoka ihingwa ahantu hari ubutaka bufite isi ndende, bufata amazi, ubusharire( pH) buri hagati ya 5.5-6.5, ikunda kandi ahantu hafite ubushyuhe buri hagati 16-24 oc, ku butumburuke bugera kuri 2100m.
Guhumbika no kugemura
Ibibuto byateguwe neza bishyirwa mu gitaka ku mu-rongo, imitwe ireba hejuru, umurongo n’undi itan-dukanwa na cm10, mu murongo ibibuto biba byegeranye;utwikirizaho agataka gake ukarenzaho ib-yatsi.
Ni ngombwa kuvomerera buri munsi igihe imvura itagwa
Gutegura ibihoho
(mu gitondo no ku mugoroba)
Ibihoho bikoreshwa biba bifite ibipimo bikurikira:
cm20xcm20
Ibyiza ni ugukoresha ibihoho bya cm20xcm20, kuko bifata umwanya muto muri pepiniyeri kandi bikagabanya akazi .
Itaka ryiza rivanze n’ifumbire y’imborera iboze neza, rishyirwa mu masashe,hanyuma ibihoho bigaterekwa muri pepiniyeri ku murongo, umurongo n’undi utan-dukanywa na cm10 naho igihoho n’ikindi bigatan-dukanwa na cm10

Kugemeka mu bihoho (répiquage)

Nyuma y’ukwezi n’igice, ibibuto biri mu buhumbikiro biba byameze; urandura ikibuto cyameze,ugakata umuzi kuri cm5 uvuye ku kibuto,ukagishyira mu gihoho.
Uravomerera cyane(kabiri ku munsi) iyo imvura itaguye
Kubangurira
Kubangurira bikorwa nyuma y’amezi abiri kugera kuri atatu ugemetse mu bihoho, urugemwe ruba rufite cm 20 kugera kuri cm30, rufite umubyimba ugana n’ikaramu
Akamaro ko kubangurira
Imbuto zerera igihe gito
Igiti kibanguriye gitanga umusaruro mwinshi
Uhinga ubwoko uzi neza n’ikiburanga ( uko buryoha, aho bwera, igihe bwerera,..)
Igiti kibanguriye gifata umwanya muto mu murima.
Avoka ibanguriye igira amavuta nta mazi igira kandi ibora hashize byibuze iminsi hagati 10-15 ihiye.
Uburyo bwo kubangurira


Uburyo bwo kubangurira avoka bukunze gukoreshwa ni uburyo bwo kubangurira ku mutwe, kuko ni bwo butanga ijanisha rinini mu gufatisha
Uko bikorwa
Dufata urugemwe tubanguriraho, tukarukata umutwe tuwuka-tira hagati y’ahoroshye n’ahakomeye, tugasatura hagati .
Tubaza impande zombi agashami ushaka kubangurira (agashami ka kijyambere), twinjizamo ka gashami, tugahambira n’agasashe gato kuburyo igikomere cyose gip-fukwa, tugapfuka na ka gashami tumaze gushyiramo dukore-sheje agasashe.
Amakuru ajyanye n’ubuhinzi bw’avoka tuyakesha ikigo RAB

Shyiraho Igitekerezo!

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