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Uko wasukura imboga mbere yo kuzirya

uko wasukura imboga mbere yo kuzirya Mu bijyanye no guteka (Catering industry) hari amahame agenderwaho ajyanye no kwirinda icyo ari cyo cyose gishobora guhungabanya ubuziranenge bw’amafunguro cyangwa ibinyobwa, cyangwa ari ikintu giturutse kuri kamere y’igifungurwa ubwacyo (Nature) cyangwa se icyaturuka ku buryo igifungurwa cyatunganyijwemo (Handling)

Ubwo buryo rero bwitwa HACCP mu magambo ahinnye y’icyongereza (Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point), ugenekereje bisa n’ibisobanura uburyo bwo gukurikirana icyo ari cyo cyose cyahungabanya icyo wateguye no gufata ingamba aho rukomeye.)

Ubu buryo rero ahanini bwibanda ku guhangana na n’udukoko tw’ubwoko bwose, no kutugenzura kugirango zitangiza ibyo utegura cyangwa se tukaba twateza ingorane abo ufungurira.

Ni uburyo bukurikirana igifungurwa kuva mu mirima ( ku bihingwa) no mu biraro (ku matungo).

Hagakurikiranwa intambwe ku yindi, nko gusarura, guhunika, gutunganya ifunguro mbere yo kurigeza kumeza no kubika ibyamaze gutunganywa.

Naho ku matungo hakurikiranwa uburyo abagwa, atunganywa, uburyo inyama zibikwa, uko zitegurwa kugera kumeza, n’uko zibikwa iyo zamaze gutegurwa hasigaye gufungurwa gusa.

Impamvu rero y’ubu buryo ni uko bidashoboka ko ikintu cyose utegura cyaburamo utwo dukoko (bacteria), kuko ari kimwe mu bigize ubwoko bw’ igigungurwa. Ntaho zitaboneka ariko igikorwa muri HACCP ni ukuzirinda gukura no kwangiza ibyo umuntu ategura, no gukora ibishoboka byose zikicwa mbere y’uko ifunguro rigera ku meza

Bacteria rero zicwa n’ibintu bibiri gusa, Imiti yabugenewe (Chemical product) cg se ubushyuhe bugeze ku gipimo cyatogosa amazi.

Ibi rero binyuranye n’imyumvire abantu basanzwe batekereza ko koza imbuto n’imboga ukoresheje amazi atetse bihagije gutunganya igifungurwa kugirango birinde cyangwa se ngo byice izisanzweho.

Ikindi ni uko byose bikorwa kurinda ubuziranenge bw’ikintu. Ikindi imbuto ziribwa zidatetse ntizigomba gutekwa ngo ni uko ushaka kwica utwo dukoko, ahubwo ukoresha imiti yica itwica ikorera mu mazi akonje ku buryo imbuto zigumana kamere yazo kandi na twa dukoko tugapfa.

Ikindi gikunda kugora abantu ni uko batamenya aho bakura imiti (chemicals) yabafasha gutunganya amafunguro. Benshi bakoresha amasabune nka za OMO Dettol, n’ibindi, ibyo bikaba byica twa dukoko dushobora gutera indwara cyangwa kwangiza amafunguro.

Ibi tuvuze haruguru ntibyagenewe gukoreshwa mu gusukura ibifungurwa. Hano mu Rwanda ubu hari amasosiyete abiri acuruza imiti yagenewe gusukura ibifugurwa ariyo:

Johnson & Divery iba Kicukiro na Penhar inter-consumer, bahagarariye uruganda rwitwa ECOLAB na bo bakaba bari kicukiro.

Bacuruza iyo miti isukura ibifungurwa kandi bakanatanga amahugurwa kuburyo ikoreshwa kubakiriya babo.

Isuku na yo irakenewe mu kubika neza ibiribwa

Isuku y’ibiribwa aho bibikwa igomba kwitabwaho kuko byatera ibibazo idahawe agaciro bibazo kuko ubundi iyo umubiri w’umuntu winjiwemo na Bacteria isinziriye, abasirikare b’umubiri barayataka bakayica, uko ninako bigenda ku nkingo batera abantu kwa Muganga.

Ariko iyo umubiri wumuntu winjiwemo na Bacteria iri maso kandi yamaze kubyara, niyo iteza indwara kuko abasirikare b’umubiri batabasha kuyirwanya.

HACCP iteganya ko iyo amafunguro amaze gutegurwa agomba kubikwa byibura ku bushyuhe bwa degree zire hejuru ya 4 ( ni ukuvuga ubukonje bwa Frigo) mu gihe cy’amasaha 48, nta kibazo agize. Ubu buryo butuma twa dukoko tutabasha gukurira muri ubwo bukonje.

Iyo rero wasukuye ifunguro ryawe wagerageje kwica twa dukoko twarimo nyuma ukaribika neza kuri ubwo buryo, bituma nta ngaruka wagura urifunguye muri kiriya gihe cyateganijwe.

Havugwa rero amasaha 48 kuko n’ubwo buriya bukonje butuma zidakura vuba (Bacteria) zikura buhoro cyaaaane kuko ziba zisinziriye, ibyo rero bikaba bituma iyo kiriya gihe kibaye kirekire zikura noneho ugasanga wakoreye ubusa.

Iyo rero ushaka kubika ibifungurwa byawe igihe kirekire ushobora kwitabaza firigo zifatisha urubura( Freezer) ukaba ushobora kubika igifungurwa cyawe kuri degre -18 muri firigo mu gihe cy’amezi atatu.

Ariko ugomba kubanza ugashishoza niba ubukonje bw’urubura butakwangiza ubuziranenge bw’igifungurwa, kuko nk’imboga n’imbuto cyane cyane iyo bigiye muri firigo bitakaza uburyohe.

Shyiraho Igitekerezo!

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