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Zimwe muri Virusi zifata igihingwa cy’inyanya n’uko zirwanywa


Indwara z’inyanya ziterwa na Virusi ni nyinshi zitandukanye kandi zikanaterwa na Virusi zitandukanye. Gusa ibimenyetso byinshi byazo birasa kandi zose akaba ari indwara zidakira. Zikwirakwizwa n’imbuto zo gutera,udusimba,ibikoresho n’abahinzi.
Zimwe muri virusi zifata inyanya tugiye kurebera hamwe uko zakwirindwa harimo Tomato mosaic virus,Tomato leaf curl virus bita imfunyarazi na Tomato spotted wilt virus.

 Zimwe muri Virusi zifata igihingwa cy’inyanya n’uko zirwanywa
Ibimenyetso bigaragara ku nyanya zafashwe na Tomato mosaic Virus
Tomato mosaic virus,bita Mozayike ikwirakwizwa n’inda ,ikagaragazwa n’ibibara byerurutse ku mababi,bisa n’umuhondo kandi amababi mato akarabirana. Igihingwa cyose kireruruka kandi ntikigire intege.
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Inyanya zafashwe na Tomato Leaf curl virus
Naho Tomato Leaf curl virus,bita imfunyarazi ikwirakwizwa n’isazi y’umweru ,ikagaragazwa n’amababi yikunja areba hejuru,amato akaza ariho ibibara by’umuhondo nyuma nayo akikunja. Amababi akuze arakomera kandi ingingo z’igihingwa zikaba ngufi.Igihingwa cyafashwe kireruruka kikagira udushami twinshi ku buryo gisa n’igihuru.
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Inyanya zigaragaza ibimenyetso bya Tomato Spotted wilt Virus
Virusi yindi ni Tomato spotted wilt virus, ikwirakwizwa na Tiripusi,ikagaragazwa n’ibibara ku mababi ,ku ruti no ku mbuto. Ku mababi mato hazaho ibibara by’umukara by’uruziga. Amababi ashobora kuba ikijuju nyuma akaba ikigina akuma.
Ku mbuto kazaho amabara,zamara gushya,amabara akagaragara ari umuhondo uvanze n’umutuku bikurikirana. Igihingwa kiraraba.
Izi Virusi zishobora kurwanywa
Mu kurwanya izi virusi,umuhinzi atera imbuto z’indobanure. Arandura ibihingwa byagaragayeho uburwayi bwa virusi,ahinduranya ibihingwa mu murima,hirindwa gusimburanya inyanya n’itabi,urusenda,puwavuro,intoryi,inzuzi n’ibirayi.
Umuhinzi agerageza kurwanya udusimba twa Tiripusi,inda n’isazi z’umweru dukwirakwiza virusi,hakoreshwa imiti nka Dimethoate. Umuhinzi agomba gusukura ibikoresho mbere na nyuma yo kujya mu murima. Umuhinzi n’undi wese bagomba kwirinda kugenda mu murima urimo uburwayi,nyuma bakajya mu murima muzima.
Ni byiza ko umuhinzi abagara akanasasiza ibyatsi byumye. Ngubwo bumwe mu buryo bwo kurwanya virusi zifata inyanya abahinzi bakoresha,nk’uko tubikesha igitabo cya NAEB kivuga ku byonnyi no ku ndwara by’imboga n’ imbuto. N’ah’abahinzi gukurikiza impanuro bahabwa.
umuhinzi.com
Shyiraho Igitekerezo!

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